Jackson Figure Skates Reviews

Today we continue our little iconographic survey of winter sports (see A Century of winter sport # 1 ski ) with a collection of photographs from the 19th and 20th century. In an article titled The first humans traveling on ice: an energy-saving strategy (The first human movement on the ice: an energy saving strategy)?, Published in the journal Biological Journal of the Linnean Society in 2008, Professor Federico Formenti, University of Oxford, showed that the first ice skates appear in Finland, 4, 000 years ago.

Originally, the shoes are of course not equipped with sharp blades but made from flattened bones. The hunters, who use them, do not really skate but they just slide on the ice. Writing in the 12th century, William Fitzstephen, a monk of Canterbury, says a scene in which young children are made skates fortune with bones. They also use sticks to facilitate their movements.

Couple on ice skates. February 20, 1885. Photographer: George B. Brainerd. Life.
Left: Young man on roller petins (prototype Takypod Edward Petrini), 1910. Library of Congress Right: Sonja Henie, Olympic champion in 1928, 1932 and 1936. IOC Olympic Museum / Allsport - Getty Images

The first pair of ice skates worthy of the name, that is to say, equipped with sharp steel blades, was invented around the 13th or 14th century in the Netherlands. Dutch painters often represent in their works. The first of its kind is an engraving illustrating a book of John Brugman dedicated Lydwine Schiedam (1380-1433), considered the patron saint of skaters. We may also mention Skaters and scene on the ice in a city of Hendrick Avercamp (1585-1634), or the winter landscapes of Esaias van de Velde (1587-1630) featuring skaters.

During his exile in the Netherlands, King Jacques II Stuart (1633-1701) became interested in the practice and adoption. When he returned to England, he introduced this new sport in the British aristocracy. Practice ice skating as a hobby soon spread to all the European courts and in the upper classes. Emperor Rudolf II (1552-1612) is one of the pioneers in this field. In 1610, he even build a rink to popularize this new hobby. In France, it is the Queen Marie-Antoinette (1755-1793) who introduced the fashion of skating on water of Versailles plans. Madame de Pompadour (1721 -1764), and Napoleon (1769-1821) and Napoleon III (1808-1873) are also those who willingly practice this sport.

Ricardo and Angelica Pueyrredon. December 29, 1925. Library of Congress
Two people sitting on the ice. Washington, DC, between 1909 and 1932. Library of Congress

Skaters in Tuxedo Park, New York, between 1904 and 1924. Library of Congress.

The first association of skaters, the Edinburgh Skating Club, was founded in Scotland in 1742 or 1744. This is a speed skating club. Robert Jones, a British artillery lieutenant, published a manual entitled The Art of the ice where he describes different techniques to perform tricks on ice skates (as circles and loops 8) in 1772. Nevertheless, it is the work of Jean Garcin, True skater or the principles of the art of skating with grace, published in 1813, laying the first foundations of skating called "artistic."

It is considered the father of figure skating is the American Jackson Haines (1840-1875). In 1864, he won the first championship of its kind held in Troy, New York. He invented the sit spin, one of the three basic figures, and team new blades for easy turning. Jackson Haines then went to Europe where he hopes to disseminate innovations. He had some success in Switzerland and Austria. Despite his untimely death at the age of 35 years (the skater succumbed to tuberculosis) are lasting influence. Thus, the disciples of the School of Vienna do they create the International Skating Union in Scheveningen (Netherlands) in 1892 to establish the rules of their sport. The headquarters is now located in Lausanne (Switzerland). First edition of the World Championships Figure Skating held in St. Petersburg in Russia, four years later.

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